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Eine Chance fürs Leben. Starte jetzt Dein Studium in Paderborn:

Foto: Universität Paderborn

M.Sc. Mohammed Iftekhar

M.Sc. Mohammed Iftekhar

Studienberatung Elektrotechnik (Studi.ET)

Mitglied - Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter - Fachstudienberater Electrical Systems Engineering

+49 5251 60-3202
+49 5251 60-3873
Pohlweg 47-49
33098 Paderborn

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Reference-less Bang-bang CDR with Enhanced Frequency Acquisition Range Using Static and Modulated Integral Branch Offset Currents

M. Iftekhar, S. Gudyriev, J.C. Scheytt, in: The 2021 IEEE BiCMOS and Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuits and Technology Symposium, 2021

This paper presents a technique to extend the frequency acquisition range for bang-bang phase-detector-based clock and data recovery (CDR) circuits without an additional frequency acquisition loop or lock detection circuit. The per-manent modulation of the offset current in the CDR's integral branch enhances the acquisition range by nearly 4 times, covering the entire tuning range of the voltage controlled oscillator. The increase in power dissipation and the chip area are negligible. This technique was implemented and measured in a 28 Gbps NRZ bang-bang CDR chip to confirm the working principle. In addition to the increased acquisition range, the CDR also surpasses jitter related specifications from the OIF CEI-28G-VSR standard.


28 Gbps Bang-Bang CDR for 100G PSM4 with Independently Tunable Proportional and Integral Parameters of the Loop Filter in 0.25 µm Photonic BiCMOS Technology

M. Iftekhar, S. Gudyriev, C. Scheytt, in: 2020 IEEE 20th Topical Meeting on Silicon Monolithic Integrated Circuits in RF Systems (SiRF), IEEE, 2020

A 28 Gbps NRZ bang-bang clock and data recovery (CDR) chip for 100G PSM4 is presented. It exhibits an adaptable loop filter transfer function with independently tunable proportional and integral parameters. This allows to optimize the jitter transfer, jitter tolerance, and locking range of the CDR according to system requirements. The CDR represents a key component for a single-chip 8-channel electronic-photonic PSM4 transceiver. A CDR chip was manufactured in a 0.25 μm monolithic photonic BiCMOS technology. The core chip area is 0.51 mm 2 and it dissipates 330 mW from 2.5 V and 3.3 V power supplies.

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