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Dr.-Ing. Mathias Bobbert

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Publikationen
Dr.-Ing. Mathias Bobbert

Werkstoff- und Fügetechnik

Geschäftsführer - Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter - TRR285

Telefon:
+49 5251 60-3035
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+49 5251 60-3229
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P1.4.12.3
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Pohlweg 47-49
33098 Paderborn

Sonderforschungsbereich Transregio 285

Geschäftsführer - Mitarbeiter - Teilprojekt Z

Telefon:
+49 5251 60 3035

Liste im Research Information System öffnen

2022

Increasing flexibility of self-piercing riveting by reducing tool–geometry combinations using cluster analysis in the application of multi-material design

F. Kappe, L. Schadow, M. Bobbert, G. Meschut, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part L Journal of Materials Design and Applications (2022)

DOI


Determining the properties of multi‑range semi‑tubular self‑piercing riveted joints

F. Kappe, S. Wituschek, M. Bobbert, G. Meschut, Production Engineering (2022)

DOI


Influence of heat treatment on the suitability for clinching of the aluminium casting alloy AlSi9

M. Neuser, M. Böhnke, O. Grydin, M. Bobbert, M. Schaper, G. Meschut, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications (2022), 146442072210758

<jats:p> In many manufacturing areas, multi-material designs are implemented in which individual components are joined together to form complex structures with numerous joints. For example, in the automotive sector, cast components are used at the junctions of the body and joined with different types of sheet metal and extruded profiles. To be able to join structures consisting of different materials, alternative joining technologies have emerged in recent years. This includes clinching, which allows assembling of two or more thin sheet metal and casting parts by solely cold forming the material. Clinching the brittle and usually less ductile cast aluminium alloys remains a challenge because the brittle character of the cast aluminium alloys can cause cracks during the forming of the clinched joint. In this study, the influence of the heat treatment time of an aluminium casting alloy AlSi9 on the joinability in the clinching process is investigated. Specific heat treatment of the naturally hard AlSi9 leads to a modification of the eutectic microstructure, which can increase ductility. Based on this, it will be examined if specific clinching die geometries can be used, which achieve an optimized geometrical formation of the clinched joint. The load-bearing capacities of the clinched joints are determined and compared by shear tensile and head tensile tests. Furthermore, the joints are examined microscopically to investigate the influence of the heat treatment on the failure behaviour during the load-bearing tests as well as crack initiation within the joining process. </jats:p>


Numerical investigation of the clinched joint loadings considering the initial pre-strain in the joining area

S. Martin, C.R. Bielak, M. Bobbert, T. Tröster, G. Meschut, Production Engineering (2022)

The components of a body in white consist of many individual thin-walled sheet metal parts, which usually are manufactured in deep-drawing processes. In general, the conditions in a deep-drawing process change due to changing tribology conditions, varying degrees of spring back, or scattering material properties in the sheet blanks, which affects the resulting pre-strain. Mechanical joining processes, especially clinching, are influenced by these process-related pre-strains. The final geometric shape of a clinched joint is affected to a significant level by the prior material deformation when joining with constant process parameters. That leads to a change in the stiffness and force transmission in the clinched joint due to the different geometric dimensions, such as interlock, neck thickness and bottom thickness, which directly affect the load bearing capacity. Here, the influence of the pre-straining in the deep drawing process on the force distribution in clinch points in an automotive assembly is investigated by finite-element models numerically. In further studies, the results are implemented in an optimization tool for designing clinched components. The methodology starts with a pre-straining of metal sheets. This step is followed by 2D rotationally symmetric forming simulations of the joining process. The resulting mesh of each forming simulation is rotated and 3D models are obtained. The clinched joint solid model with pre-strains is used further to determine the joint stiffnesses. With the simulation of the same test set-up with an equivalent point-connector model, the equivalent stiffness for each pre-strain combination is determined. Simulations are performed on a clinched component to assess the influence of pre-strain and sheet thinning on the clinched joint loadings by using the equivalent stiffnesses. The investigations clearly show that for the selected component, the loadings at the clinch points are dependent on the sheet thinning and the stiffnesses due to pre-strain. The magnitude of the influence varies depending on the quantity considered. For example, the shear force is more sensitive to the joint stiffness than to the sheet thinning.</jats:p>


Provision of cross-domain knowledge in mechanical joining using ontologies

C. Zirngibl, P. Kügler, J. Popp, C.R. Bielak, M. Bobbert, D. Drummer, G. Meschut, S. Wartzack, B. Schleich, Production Engineering (2022)

Since the application of mechanical joining methods, such as clinching or riveting, offers a robust solution for the generation of advanced multi-material connections, the use in the field of lightweight designs (e.g. automotive industry) is steadily increasing. Therefore, not only the design of an individual joint is required but also the dimensioning of the entire joining connection is crucial. However, in comparison to thermal joining techniques, such as spot welding, the evaluation of the joints’ resistance against defined requirements (e.g. types of load, minimal amount of load cycles) mainly relies on the consideration of expert knowledge, a few design principles and a small amount of experimental data. Since this generally implies the involvement of several domains, such as the material characterization or the part design, a tremendous amount of data and knowledge is separately generated for a certain dimensioning process. Nevertheless, the lack of formalization and standardization in representing the gained knowledge leads to a difficult and inconsistent reuse, sharing or searching of already existing information. Thus, this contribution presents a specific ontology for the provision of cross-domain knowledge about mechanical joining processes and highlights two potential use cases of this ontology in the design of clinched and pin joints.</jats:p>


Numerical investigation of a friction test to determine the friction coefficients for the clinching process

C.R. Bielak, M. Böhnke, M. Bobbert, G. Meschut, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications (2022), 146442072210934

<jats:p> Clinching as a mechanical joining process has become established in many areas of car body. In order to predict relevant properties of clinched joints and to ensure the reliability of the process, it is numerically simulated during the product development process. The prediction accuracy of the simulated process depends on the implemented friction model. Therefore, a new method for determining friction coefficients in sheet metal materials was developed and tested. The aim of this study is the numerical investigation of this experimental method by means of FE simulation. The experimental setup is modelled in a 3D numerical simulation taking into account the process parameters varying in the experiment, such as geometric properties, contact pressure and contact velocity. Furthermore, the contact description of the model is calibrated via the experimentally determined friction coefficients according to clinch-relevant parameter space. It is shown that the assumptions made in the determination of the experimental data in preliminary work are valid. In addition, it is investigated to what extent the standard Coulomb friction model in the FEM can reproduce the results of the experimental method. </jats:p>


Numerical and experimental identification of fatigue crack initiation sites in clinched joints

L. Ewenz, C.R. Bielak, M. Otroshi, M. Bobbert, G. Meschut, M. Zimmermann, Production Engineering (2022), 16(2-3), pp. 305-313

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>In this paper, a study based on experimental and numerical simulations is performed to analyze fatigue cracks in clinched joints. An experimental investigation is conducted to determine the failure modes of clinched joints under cyclic loading at different load amplitudes with single-lap shear tests. In addition, numerical FEM simulations of clinching process and subsequent shear loading are performed to support the experimental investigations by analyzing the state of stresses at the location of failure. An attempt is made to explain the location of crack initiation in the experiments using evaluation variables such as contact shear stress and maximum principal stress.</jats:p>


Experimental and Numerical Investigation on Manufacturing-Induced Pre-Strain on the Load-Bearing Capacity of Clinched Joints

C.R. Bielak, M. Böhnke, M. Bobbert, G. Meschut, Key Engineering Materials (2022), 926, pp. 1516-1526

<jats:p>Background. Clinching is a conventional cold forming process in which two or more sheets can be joined without auxiliary parts. A pre-forming of the parts to be joined, which is introduced by previous manufacturing steps, has an influence on the joining result. When considering the suitability for joining with regard to the formability of the materials, the influence of the preforming steps must be taken into account. The influences of strain hardening and sheet thickness on the joining properties must be investigated. In this context, a Finite Element Method (FEM) based metamodel analysis of the clinching process was carried out in [1] to investigate the robustness of the clinching process with respect to the different material pre-strains. In [2], the method was extended to the load bearing simulation.Procedure. The metamodel from preliminary work based on various FE models, which predicts the load-bearing capacity of a clinched joint influenced by pre-straining, is compared here with experimental data and the accuracy of the metamodel prediction is discussed. For this purpose an experimental procedure was further develop which allows the preforming of metal sheets from which joining specimens can be separated with a certain degree of unidirectional deformation. In the study, the procedure for preparing the joint specimens and the results of the loading tests are presented. Different possible relevant pre-strain combinations are investigated and compared with the simulation results, to validate the FE models and choose suitable metamodel.</jats:p>


2021

Intrinsische Hybridverbunde für Leichtbautragstrukturen

S. Sander, M. Bobbert, G. Meschut, Springer Vieweg, 2021, pp. 332


Development of a Method for the Identification of Friction Coefficients in Sheet Metal Materials for the Numerical Simulation of Clinching Processes

M.S. Rossel, M. Böhnke, C.R. Bielak, M. Bobbert, G. Meschut, in: Sheet Metal 2021, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2021, pp. 81-88

In order to reduce the fuel consumption and consequently the greenhouse emissions, the automotive industry is implementing lightweight constructions in the body in white production. As a result, the use of aluminum alloys is continuously increasing. Due to poor weldability of aluminum in combination with other materials, mechanical joining technologies like clinching are increasingly used. In order to predict relevant characteristics of clinched joints and to ensure the reliability of the process, it is simulated numerically during product development processes. In this regard the predictive accuracy of the simulated process highly depends on the implemented friction model. In particular, the frictional behavior between the sheet metals affects the geometrical formation of the clinched joint significantly. This paper presents a testing method, which enables to determine the frictional coefficients between sheet metal materials for the simulation of clinching processes. For this purpose, the correlation of interface pressure and the relative velocity between aluminum sheets in clinching processes is investigated using numerical simulation. Furthermore, the developed testing method focuses on the specimen geometry as well as the reproduction of the occurring friction conditions between two sheet metal materials in clinching processes. Based on a methodical approach the test setup is explained and the functionality of the method is proven by experimental tests using sheet metal material EN AW6014.


Concept development of a method for identifying friction coefficients for the numerical simulation of clinching processes

M. Böhnke, M.S. Rossel, C.R. Bielak, M. Bobbert, G. Meschut, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology (2021)

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>In order to reduce fuel consumption and thus pollutant emissions, the automotive industry is increasingly developing lightweight construction concepts that are accompanied by an increasing usage of aluminum materials. Due to poor weldability of aluminum in combination with other materials, mechanical joining methods such as clinching were developed and established in series production. In order to predict the relevant characteristics of clinched joints and to ensure the reliability of the process, it is simulated numerically during product development processes. In this regard, the predictive accuracy of the simulated process highly depends on the implemented friction model. In particular, the frictional behavior between the sheet metals as well as between the sheet metal and clinching tools has a significant impact on the geometrical formation of the clinched joint. No testing methods exist that can sufficiently investigate the frictional behavior in sheet materials, especially under high interface pressures, different relative velocities, and long friction paths, while allowing a decoupled consideration of the test parameters. This paper describes the development of further testing concepts based on a proven tribo-torsion test method for determining friction coefficients between sheet metal materials for the simulation of clinching processes. For this purpose, the correlation of interface pressure and the relative velocity between aluminum and steel sheet material in clinching processes is investigated using numerical simulation. Based on these findings, the developed concepts focus on determining friction coefficients at interface pressures of the above materials, yield stress, as well as the reproduction of the occurring friction conditions between sheet metal materials and tool surfaces in clinching processes using tool substitutes. Furthermore, wear investigations between sheet metal material and tool surface were carried out in the friction tests with subsequent EDX analyses of the frictioned tool surfaces. The developed method also allows an optical deformation measurement of the sheet metal material specimen by means of digital image correlation (DIC). Based on a methodological approach, the test setups and the test systems used are explained, and the functionality of the concepts is proven by experimental tests using different sheet metal materials.</jats:p>


Influence of various procedures for the determination of flow curves on the predictive accuracy of numerical simulations for mechanical joining processes

M. Böhnke, F. Kappe, M. Bobbert, G. Meschut, Materials Testing (2021), 63(6), pp. 493-500

The predictive quality of numerical simulations for mechanical joining processes depends on the implemented material model, especially regarding the plasticity of the joining parts. Therefore, experimental material characterization processes are conducted to determine the material properties of sheet metal and generate flow curves. In this regard, there are a number of procedures which are accompanied by varying experimental efforts. This paper presents various methods of determining flow curves for HCT590X as well as EN AW-6014, including varying specimen geometries and diverse hardening laws for extrapolation procedures. The flow curves thus generated are compared considering the variety of plastic strains occurring in mechanical joining processes. The material data generated are implemented in simulation models for the joining technologies, clinching and self-piercing riveting. The influence of the varied methods on the predictive accuracy of the simulation model is analysed. The evaluation of the differing flow curves is achieved by comparing the geometric formation of the joints and the required joining forces of the processes with experimentally investigated joints.





Joining suitability of cast aluminium for self-piercing riveting

M. Neuser, F. Kappe, M. Busch, O. Grydin, M. Bobbert, M. Schaper, G. Meschut, T. Hausotte, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (2021), 012005

DOI


Hybridprofile für Trag- und Crashstrukturen

W. Drossel, M. Bobbert, M. Böhme, C. Dammann, A. Dittes, M. Gießmann, C. Hühne, J. Ihlemann, R. Kießling, T. Lampke, P. Lenz, R. Mahnken, G. Meschut, R. Müller, M. Nier, R. Prussak, M. Riemer, S. Sander, M. Schaper, I. Scharf, M. Scholze, S. Schwöbel, S. Sharafiev, M. Sinapius, D. Stefaniak, T. Tröster, M.F.-. Wagner, Z. Wang, C. Zinn, in: Intrinsische Hybridverbunde für Leichtbautragstrukturen, 2021

DOI


2020

Numerical analysis of the robustness of clinching process considering the pre-forming of the parts

C.R. Bielak, M. Böhnke, R. Beck, M. Bobbert, G. Meschut, Journal of Advanced Joining Processes. (2020)

DOI



Investigation of influencing parameters on the joint formation of the self-piercing riveting process

F. Kappe, S. Wituschek, M. Lechner, M. Bobbert, G. Meschut, M. Merklein, 2020


2019


2016

Tolerance Analysis of Adhesive Bonds in Crash Simulation

G. Schwarzkopf, M. Bobbert, D. Teutenberg, G. Meschut, A. Matzenmiller, Procedia CIRP (2016), pp. 321-326

DOI


On the Design, Characterization and Simulation of Hybrid Metal-Composite Interfaces

R. Kießling, J. Ihlemann, M. Pohl, M. Stommel, C. Dammann, R. Mahnken, M. Bobbert, G. Meschut, F. Hirsch, M. Kästner, Applied Composite Materials (2016), pp. 251-269

DOI


2013

Simulation und Bewertung von Fertigungstoleranzen

G. Kruschinski, A. Matzenmiller, M. Bobbert, D. Teutenberg, G. Meschut, adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN (2013), pp. 38-43

DOI


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