Sie haben Javascript deaktiviert!
Sie haben versucht eine Funktion zu nutzen, die nur mit Javascript möglich ist. Um sämtliche Funktionalitäten unserer Internetseite zu nutzen, aktivieren Sie bitte Javascript in Ihrem Browser.

Paderborn University in February 2023 Show image information

Paderborn University in February 2023

Photo: Paderborn University, Hannah Brauckhoff

Dr Bettina Krüger

Dr Bettina Krüger

Public Health Nutrition

Research Associate - Public Health Nurtrition

+49 5251 60-5236
Warburger Str. 100
33098 Paderborn

Open list in Research Information System


Associations of chronotype and social jetlag with eating jetlag and their changes among German students during the first COVID-19 lockdown. The Chronotype and Nutrition study.

B. Stutz, A.E. Buyken, A. Schadow, N. Jankovic, U. Alexy, B. Krueger, Appetite (2023), 180, pp. 106333

The association of chronotype and social jet lag with body composition in German students: The role of physical activity behaviour and the impact of the pandemic lockdown.

B. Krüger, B. Stutz, N. Jankovic, U. Alexy, A. Kilanowski, L. Libuda, A.E. Buyken, PLoS One (2023), 18(1), pp. e0279620

The association of chronotype and social jet lag with body composition in German students: The role of physical activity behaviour and the impact of the pandemic lockdown

B. Krueger, B. Stutz, N. Jankovic, U. Alexy, A. Kilanowski, L. Libuda, A.E. Buyken, PLOS ONE (2023), 18(1), e0279620

<jats:p>Young adults with a later chronotype are vulnerable for a discrepancy in sleep rhythm between work- and free days, called social jet lag (SJL). This study analysed (i) chronotype/SJL association with visceral fat/skeletal muscle mass, (ii) the attribution to physical activity behaviour, and (iii) chronotype-specific changes in physical activity behaviour in young adults during the Covid-19 pandemic lockdown. Chronotype and SJL were derived from the Munich-Chrono-Type-Questionnaire in 320 German students (age 18–25 years) from September 2019 to January 2020, 156 of these participated in an online follow-up survey in June 2020. Body composition was assessed by bioimpedance analysis at baseline. Multivariable linear regression analyses were used to relate chronotype/SJL to body composition; the contribution of self-reported physical activity was tested by mediation analysis. At baseline, a later chronotype and a larger SJL were associated with a higher visceral fat mass (P&lt;0.05), this relation was notably mediated by the attention to physical activity (P&lt;0.05). Chronotype (P = 0.02) but not SJL (P = 0.87) was inversely associated with skeletal muscle mass. During the pandemic lockdown, chronotype hardly changed, but SJL was reduced. Timing and physical activity behaviour remained in most participants and changes were unrelated to chronotype (all P&gt;0.07). A later chronotype/higher SJL may increase the risk of a higher visceral fat mass even in this relatively healthy sample, which may be partly due to their physical activity behaviour. Despite a reduction in SJL during the pandemic lockdown, later chronotypes did not change their physical activity behaviour more than earlier chronotypes.</jats:p>


Changes in chronotype and social jetlag during adolescence and their association with concurrent changes in BMI-SDS and body composition, in the DONALD Study

N. Jankovic, S. Schmitting, B. Krüger, U. Nöthlings, A.E. Buyken, U. Alexy, European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2021)

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:sec> <jats:title>Background/objectives</jats:title> <jats:p>Adolescence is a critical period for both the development of overweight and the transition toward a later chronotype, often accompanied by an increase in social jetlag. This study assessed whether changes in chronotype and social jetlag, are linked to changes in body composition during adolescence.</jats:p> </jats:sec><jats:sec> <jats:title>Subjects/methods</jats:title> <jats:p>We used data from the DONALD open cohort study, collected between 2014 and 2019, from 213 adolescents (9–17 years at baseline, 45% females) having at least two measures of chronotype and anthropometry (<jats:italic>N</jats:italic> = 572). Chronotype was assessed with the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire and defined as: midpoint of sleep corrected for sleep-debt (MSFsc) accumulated over the week (later MSFsc represents later chronotype). Social jetlag (SJL) defines the difference between midpoint of sleep during week and weekend. Calculations for Fat Free Mass Index (FFMI [kg/m<jats:sup>2</jats:sup>)]) and Fat Mass Index (FMI) [kg/m<jats:sup>2</jats:sup>)]) were based on body fat percentage, weight, and height. To analyze the associations, we used linear mixed-effect regression models. Finally, the total cohort was split into three biologically relevant age groups (cut-off set at &lt;12 years, ≥12 to ≤15 years and &gt;15 years).</jats:p> </jats:sec><jats:sec> <jats:title>Results</jats:title> <jats:p>Median follow-up was 2.1 years. Overall, change toward a later chronotype was significantly related with an increase in FMI (ß: 0.05, 95% CI: 0.01–0.08). A 1 h increase in social jetlag predicted an increase in BMI-SDS of 0.08 SDS units (95% CI: 0.01–0.14) and in FMI of 0.04 kg/m2 (95% CI: 0.003–0.08). Associations were stronger for the age group ≥12 to ≤15 years (<jats:italic>p</jats:italic> for interaction: &lt;0.001). No relationship was found with FFMI.</jats:p> </jats:sec><jats:sec> <jats:title>Conclusions</jats:title> <jats:p>Changes in MSFsc and SJL during adolescence were associated with concurrent changes in BMI-SDS and FMI. The age ≥12 to ≤15 years appears to be a sensitive period in which chronobiological changes were clearly associated with increasing body fatness.</jats:p> </jats:sec>

Open list in Research Information System

The University for the Information Society