Art­icle ac­cep­ted for Pub­lic­a­tion in Flex­ible Ser­vices and Man­u­fac­tur­ing Journ­al (Spring­er)

The article "A Memetic NSGA-II for the Multi-Objective Flexible Job Shop Scheduling Problem with Real-time Energy Tariffs" was accepted for publication in Flexible Services and Manufacturing Journal (Springer).
The authors are Sascha Burmeister, Daniela Guericke (University of Twente), and Guido Schryen.


Rising costs for energy are increasingly becoming a vital factor for the production planning of manufacturing companies. Manufacturers face the challenge to react to dynamic energy prices and design energy cost efficient schedules in their production planning. In the literature, the energy cost-aware Flexible Job Shop Scheduling Problem addresses minimization of both makespan and energy costs. Recent studies provide multi-objective approaches to model the trade-off of minimizing makespan and energy costs. However, the literature is limited to coarse-grained time periods and does not consider dynamic tariffs where costs change at short intervals, so that production schedules may fall short on energy costs. We aim to close this research gap by considering frequently changing real-time energy tariffs. We propose a multi-objective memetic algorithm based on the Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II) with both makespan and energy cost minimization as the objectives. We evaluate our approach by conducting computational experiments using prominent FJSP-benchmark instances from the literature, which we supplement with empiric dynamic energy prices. We show results on method performance and compare the memetic NSGA-II with the results of an exact state-of-the-art solver. To investigate the trade-off between a short makespan and low energy costs, we present solutions on the approximated Pareto front and discuss our results.

A Pre-Print is available on RIS (UPB).

An example for an energy cost aware schedule