In tandem learning, two people of different native languages improve their language skills in their respective target language (which is the tandem partner’s native language) by meeting each other on a regular basis. Each tandem participant is alternately student and expert.
Tandem learning is a very individual form of self-directed learning. Each participant is responsible for his own process of learning, as well as the content and the pace – thus the aims of each participant can be different (principle of autonomy).
Since your tandem partner has a general understanding of your native language, he even benefits if you take your time mastering your target language. (Tandem learning is not recommended for absolute beginners, though). As tandem partners, you can help each other any time and support your partner’s learning process (principle of reciprocity).
What is more, with a tandem partnership you have the possibility of getting to know another culture in a direct and personal way.
In a nutshell: The basic rules
- Tandem partners meet regularly (e.g. 1 -2 times a week)
- Each language is practiced separately.
- An equal amount of time is spent on both languages.
- The learner decides what will be done.
- The expert is patient, listens and is helpful.
A tandem is very successful when partners cooperate during the planning, make a conscious decision about the goals and ways of working, as well as prepare and follow up every meeting. You can use these documents: