3.1 Short stays of up to three months
If your stay in Germany is not scheduled to last longer than 90 days in a period of six months, you will usually need a Schengen visa to enter the country (C Visa). However, you should bear in mind that a Schengen visa cannot be extended beyond the three months period, nor can it be reassigned for other purposes.
In order to obtain a Schengen visa, you must prove, among other things, that you can finance your living and travel expenses from your own assets or income during your stay in Germany. In addition, you need a travel health insurance valid for the entire duration of your stay and for the entire Schengen area with a minimum coverage of 30,000 euros. Make sure that you state "scientific activity" or "research" as the purpose of your stay in the application for the Schengen visa. The Schengen visa entitles you to travel freely and to stay in all countries that have acceded to the Schengen Agreement.
3.2 Stays of more than three months
For stays of more than three months or stays that lead to taking up employment, you must already apply for a national visa for Germany (D visa) in your home country or country of residence. This also applies if you are already staying in another country of the European Union. Please do not enter Germany with a "visiting or tourist visa" (Schengen visa category C), if you plan to stay longer than three months in Germany. With a national visa category D, you can also move freely within the Schengen area for up to three months over a period of six months. The national visa is usually issued for a period of three months. Once you have entered the country, you must apply for a residence permit at the relevant foreigners authority.
Usually, the following documents are required to apply for a D visa:
- Passport (which should be valid for at least three months after the end of your planned stay)
- Proof of the intended employment (please contact the HR department of Paderborn University)
- Proof that you can finance your stay
- Sufficient health insurance
- Information on planned accommodation in Germany
- For family members: marriage and birth certificates
- Application form
Please inquire in good time with the respective diplomatic mission or consular post which documents you will need for your visa application, as the documents may vary depending on the country of application.