In general, the prerequisites for the appointment to a junior professorship are an outstanding doctoral degree and where applicable further scientific or academic achievements as well aptitude in the areas of pedagogy and didactics. Proof of further subject-specific qualifications may be required.
Junior professors are appointed for a fixed-term by a quality-assured appointment procedure. Initially, they are appointed for three years. An intermediate evaluation will be conducted in the third year to establish whether the person has proven themselves as a university professor and whether the junior professorship is extended for a further three years. The focus of the evaluation is on research and teaching work; however, it will also consider activities within the scope of academic self-administration.
Legally, junior professors belong to the group of university professors, however, due to their qualification and fixed-term status they are also allocated to the group of junior scientists and academics. An allocation to the group of university professors in general grants the same rights and obligations as applicable for permanent professorships. Junior professors independently carry out research and teaching activities, are involved in the academic self-administration and are authorised to supervise doctoral candidates. The teaching commitments of W1 professors are however less pronounced (4 periods per week in the 1st phase, five semester periods per week after the successful completion of the intermediate evaluation).